April 2020

Menstrual cycle

A complex process of actions that should not be underestimated and are also despised  - regular bleeding is a sign that a  woman's body is functional and healthy (here we cannot include  bleeding whilst taking hormonal contraceptives, as in this case it is not "true" bleeding at all). The menstrual cycle  can be divided into 4 phases and we will take a look at each phase in this article.

Phase 1 - Menstrual

Commencement of the menstrual cycle is bleeding. Can be anywhere between 3-5 days, but this is individual. The body cleanses itself and sheds the lining of the uterus, such as the unfertilised egg, old cells, uterine mucosa, etc. So, this blood is not homogeneous, but is a mixture of several substances. In this phase of the cycle women may have low energy, feel tired and may not be as communicative as usual.

Phase 2 - Follicular

The next phase of the cycle is responsible for maturation of a new egg or eggs in the follicle (sac). This takes approximately 6 days. Women are very energetic during this period, feel very powerful and strong and are ready for any possible activities and challenges. And in sport - muscles this time regenerate much faster. Women may also feel more attractive, may be highly social and communicative.

Menstrual cycle

Phase 3 - Ovulation

Ovulation is the release of a mature egg from the ovary follicle into the fallopian tube. This takes about 2-3 days, thus is the shortest phase of the menstrual cycle, but there is the greatest chance of getting pregnant during this phase. During this phase women may be very creative -  productive, want to create, care for others, show love to their surroundings and have the greatest appetite for sex.

Phase 4 - Luteal

This phase can also be known as PMS - premenstrual syndrome. It is the longest phase of the cycle and lasts approximately 13-14 days. In this phase,  women may be creative, but may also have frequent mood changes, weep and high irritability. It is also possible for women to feel bloated and “bigger” - the body tends to retain more water. It is good to try to keep your head cool at this stage. For every woman this phase is different, some women may not experience any symptoms of PMS. Doing what you enjoy and listening to your body is the key to success.

Each phase has ups and downs. It is up to us how we approach this. Menstruation and the whole cycle reflects a woman's health, thus like feedback from our body. We should respect it, because a healthy cycle means a healthy body and is a gift we should appreciate.